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What is Role-based Access Control (RBAC)?
A person's role determines the access and actions in a role-based access control system. People with a specific role in any organization have the same rights irrespective of who the person is.   People who have different roles have different rights.

What is Role-based Access Control (RBAC)?

The need for RBAC in the system

Whether a large or small-scale venture, every organization has sensitive data, records, files, and programs that need protection. If they are protected too strictly, the official work comes to a halt or faces bottlenecks. If they are left open for everyone to access, security issues arise. It is a situation best handled if the organization implements role-based access control. 

In RBAC, there is a process to grant rights to users who require it and block others who do not need access to certain assets. The configuration is based on the person's role rather than their identity or individual attributes. And IT administrator makes changes faster by altering the access by roles only. IT administrators must be well conversant with RBAC. It is critical in organizations and protects data breaches from internal threat actors.   

If an organization does not have RBAC, they need to assess the security of their IT infrastructure and then decide why they need or do not need RBAC. 

The exact nature of RBAC

  • Administrators - They identify roles and grant permissions. As IT is in charge, they maintain security systems.
  • Roles - Employees are grouped according to the task they perform. 
  • Permissions – Each role is granted access and what actions they can perform.

The RBAC system is determined by the user's role, not on individual preferences or identities. It makes granting permission easy to manage. The permission is granted to roles, and every new job function becomes a new role applied to many employees. Promotion changes the roles. 

How does Role work in the context of RBAC?

It is essential to define roles effectively and critically. Otherwise, many people will not do the job correctly. Roles dictate the authorization in an RBAC system. 

In an organization, roles get defined by the following parameter:

  • The authority allows only senior management to access files. These files are not for lower-level employees.
  • Responsibility differentiates the core functions for an otherwise senior Executive who might hold the same authority—for example, a CEO and a Board Member.
  • Competence ensures skilled workers can be trusted to handle sensitive documents without any errors. In contrast, a newcomer can make mistakes that could be catastrophic for the company. It is essential to tailor roles accordingly.  

Responsibilities and privileges can also overlap in roles. A hierarchy in roles defines how one type of person can hold the attributes of many other people. Role-based access control controls permissions which decides who can access a system and what they can do. Permissions involve the following actions:

  • Access - who can open specific files and records or programs. It will limit the number of users. 
  • Reading and Writing - who can only see documents in reading mode but cannot change. The other will have the approval to edit, which could be temporary or permanent. 
  • Sharing – who can download and attach with email and share with others. 
  • Finances - who has the authority to charge money, make payments, cancel payments, make refunds?

It is significant to know that permission follows roles and not the other way around. The IT administrators should determine what each role should do and accordingly apply for permissions. Also, they should not grant permissions based on individual demands despite their role limitation. If administrators start altering permissions on an ad-hoc basis, the systems go haywire. 

Benefits of RBAC 

Security options are many, and it is not easy to make the right choice for the organization. RBAC is known to have many benefits that set it apart from the competition.

An RBAC system can do the following: 

  • Reduce complexity - new joiners get access based on roles and not on other criteria. It is easy to create, maintain, and audit policies.
  • Allow global administration - change role access for a group of employees by altering permission at once. 
  • Easy onboarding - new employees are assigned access based on their roles. When they move within or get promoted, their access automatically changes according to the new roles. One does not have to worry about an individual's permission. They need to be in the right role group.
  • Reduce blunders – Traditional security administrations are prone to error. Permissions give plenty of options to make a mistake. If changes are according to roles, fewer will be errors or the risk of assigning too little or too much power to access.
  • Lower overall costs - When the workload shrinks, less workforce is required, and the organization saves time and money. 

Implementing RBAC system 

Implanting security tasks requires a systematic approach. Each step has to be completed in order. 

For creating the right system, the following is required 

  • Inventory the system - Determine the files, programs, documents, servers, and records part of the business. Take time to organize this and not hurry through this process, as nothing should be left out.
  • Identify roles - IT should coordinate with HR and management. The number of roles in the organizations needs to be set up after consultation with them and then identify permissions based on these roles.
  • Develop a timeline for integration - the RBAC system should be rolled out with proper preparation, and implementation. Changes should not be rolled out without notifying employees.
  • Take feedbacks - Circulate plans for roles and permissions and ask Managers if they agree to the proposals or adjust accordingly. There will be trial and error in the setting up process. 

There is nothing wrong with that. 

  • ·Implement the plan. Once the roles and permissions are identified, they should be executed in the system.

Final takeaway 

Implementing the RBAC system should not be done hurriedly. Each role and permission combination need to be discussed, planned, and finalized, and taking time should not be a constraint. There will be push and pull from individuals and departments for additional permission. Administrators should carefully consider each request before acceding to the requests. Also, frequent collaborations are required so that too tight security rules do not lead to work bottlenecks.